ON THE EFFECT OF PEER AND TEACHER FEEDBACK ON IRANIAN UPPER-INTERMEDIATE EFL LEARNERS’ WRITING PERFORMANCE

ON THE EFFECT OF PEER AND TEACHER FEEDBACK ON IRANIAN UPPER-INTERMEDIATE EFL LEARNERS’ WRITING PERFORMANCE Saeid Najafi Sarem, Arash Golzari, Neda Fekri Abstract: Abstract: The present study investigated the effect of peer and teacher-assessment on writing skill. To this purpose, 40 EFL learners at the upper-intermediate level from Sharif English language Institute were selected in this study in two groups and each one was randomly assigned to one type of treatment (peer-assessment and teacher-assessment). Before treatment, a pretest was administered to make sure about the homogeneity of the learners. Then, while two groups were being taught writing, the experimental group received the treatment (peer-assessment) but in the control group (teacher-assessment) learners were taught writing without focusing on assessment. The result showed that peer-assessment of English writing improved the participants’ performance on writing test better than teacher-assessment. The results imply that by helping learners develop the habits of peer-assessment and providing them with feedback, autonomy of the students can be increased. Index words: peer feedback, teacher feedback, writing performance. Full Text:...

NEGOTIATED SYLLABUS: A REALIZATION OF LEARNER AUTONOMY

NEGOTIATED SYLLABUS: A REALIZATION OF LEARNER AUTONOMY Morteza Montazeri, Neda Fekri, Hadi Hamidi Abstract: Since the emergence of learner-centered approaches to language instruction attempts have been made to engage learners more in the process of learning. This has triggered the emergence of the concept of “learner autonomy”. In learner autonomy, the main purpose is to make learners responsible for their own process of learning and make teachers facilitators of this process. Needless to say, what are of paramount importance in every instruction are instructional materials. Teachers need to provide learners with appropriate materials to reach the instructional goals. However, learner autonomy as a new approach in language instruction has not been successful to offer a disciplined framework for the selection, sequencing, and implementation of instructional materials. It has only managed to develop some general principles for materials development. What can be suggested for the realization of learner autonomy is negotiated syllabus. Negotiated syllabus is, according to Richards and Schmidt (2010), an approach to development of language course in which learners’ needs and preferences are taken into consideration through the course, and the needs are discussed by language learners and teachers during the course, helping to generate ideas about the content of the course. This syllabus, like learner autonomy, harbors learner-centered approach to teaching. In this paper, a detailed illustration of the application of negotiated syllabus is provided. Index words: syllabus design, learner-centered approach, learner autonomy, negotiated syllabus Full Text: PDF  ...

CONSCIOUSNESS:APROBLEMA TIC TERM IN SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION

CONSCIOUSNESS: A PROBLEMATIC TERM IN SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION Nima Shakouri, Marzieh Rezabeigi   Abstract: Numerous theories, models, and hypotheses have been proposed to explain second language acquisition (SLA). Most of them are complementary and contradictory. Insuperable contradictions in them are deeply rooted in their related philosophy. In effect, a significant area of dispute in SLA is the lack of consensus on the exact role of consciousness that as to the present writers is deeply ingrained in their philosophical understanding of SLA. Dispute regarding the stance of consciousness in SLA is so immense that one cannot pave the way towards a comprehensive debate. Nevertheless, to the present paper, the role of consciousness is both useful and central to practical concerns. In fact, research on consciousness is an inevitable starting point of any investigation of perception and thinking. Henceforth, the current paper, besides having a look at the philosophy of consciousness, felt that research on consciousness needs to be considered in a wider context. Index words: consciousness, intentionality, phenomenology, SLA   Full Text:...