INTERACTION IN ELT REVISITED: THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL PERSPECTIVES

INTERACTION IN ELT REVISITED: THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL PERSPECTIVES Mohammad Reza Mozayan, Ali Fattahi Bafghi, Anahita Khosravi Abstract: Abstract: This study is an attempt to briefly review the theoretical but more extensively the practical aspects of interaction as well as a concept pertinent to it, i.e., motivation so as to illuminate what teachers need to do and how to conduct their classes in an L2 milieu. Having this in mind, the authors introductorily explain the structural, functional as well as the interactional views of L2 learning and teaching and then set out to unravel the historical development of interaction as well as the practical activities which teachers need to deploy to promote learners interaction and thus learning. Finally the paper wraps up the issue by discussing the fact that some new educational perspectives have generally capitalized on process rather than product-oriented approaches to evaluation of classroom interactions through observation, recording, and classification. Full Text:...

THE ROLE OF CULTURE IN ENGLISH ADVANCED L2 LEARNERS’ PRIVATE SPEECH

THE ROLE OF CULTURE IN ENGLISH ADVANCED L2 LEARNERS’ PRIVATE SPEECH Ali Seidi, Tahereh Mahmoudian Dastnaee, Zahra Alizadeh, Reza Rasooli Abstract: Private speech has gotten impressive attention in the literature of L1 acquisition, however its treatment in L2learning context is generally new. Private speech is utilized both spontaneously and deliberately as an instrument for learning. The greater part of the studies on L2 private speech have concentrated on recognizing and depicting its examples, diverse manifestations, and roles in L2 learning. This article focused on the role of culture and culturally oriented thinking on the private speech of L2 learners. Especially, the researcher focused on the role of L1 cultural background and its interaction or impact on the learners’ L2 private speech. A cultural questionnaire based on English cultural values was given to five advanced language learners and they were asked to utter their private speech to be recorded. The analysis of their private speech showed that L2 learners’ private speech was too influenced more by their L1’s cultural background and less by the linguistic transfer from their first language. Full Text:...