STRATEGIES INSTRUCTION IN TEACHING ENGLISH READING COMPREHENSION: THE SCHEMA THEORY PERSPECTIVE
Reading comprehension receives the special focus in second or foreign language teaching. Besides, as the most important academic language skill, it is greatly highlighted for academic purpose in most English learning settings. This concept paper focuses on the influencing factors in second or foreign language reading comprehension including vocabulary size, syntactic and semantic knowledge and background knowledge. It also discusses reading models consisting of the bottom-up model, the top-down model, and the interactive model of reading as well as the significant role of schemata in reading comprehension. At last, it deals with issues such as the significance of reading strategies, their definitions, classifications plus the importance of strategies instruction in the context of SL/FL teaching.