THE ROLE OF CULTURE IN ENGLISH ADVANCED L2 LEARNERS’ PRIVATE SPEECH
Ali Seidi, Tahereh Mahmoudian Dastnaee, Zahra Alizadeh, Reza Rasooli
Private speech has gotten impressive attention in the literature of L1 acquisition, however its treatment in L2
learning context is generally new. Private speech is utilized both spontaneously and deliberately as an instrument for learning. The greater part of the studies on L2 private speech have concentrated on recognizing and depicting its examples, diverse manifestations, and roles in L2 learning. This article focused on the role of culture and culturally oriented thinking on the private speech of L2 learners. Especially, the researcher focused on the role of L1 cultural background and its interaction or impact on the learners’ L2 private speech. A cultural questionnaire based on English cultural values was given to five advanced language learners and they were asked to utter their private speech to be recorded. The analysis of their private speech showed that L2 learners’ private speech was too influenced more by their L1’s cultural background and less by the linguistic transfer from their first language.